August 7, 2019
English Grammar – Present Perfect Introduction
Hey guys, how are things?
In previous posts, I started teaching you Simple Present. It is important that you learn Simple Present because with this tense you will be able to make simple phrases in English and have short and simple conversations in English. With Simple present and verb to be, you can start doing that.
In this blog, you will find more stuff, ok? Don’t worry. But it is always important to share basic content before moving on to more advanced and cool things.
I showed you how to make affirmative phrases, negative phrases, and questions in the Simple Present. However, I only showed you one part. I did not write about how to make affirmative and negative phrases and questions with the following pronouns: he, she, it. You may be asking yourself: “why did teacher Prix do this?” The answer is simple: The post was too long! That’s why I decided to divide them into parts. If you read my previous posts you will see they are divided into affirmative and negative sentences and second post for questions. Now, to teach you simple present for “he, she and it” I will do the same! So here we go!
As I always say, many students have problems to make phrases in English. It is a little bit confusing depending on your language. The most common problem is to organize ideas. To make phrases, we are basically going to need 3 elements:
Pronouns (person, object, animals, but in SINGULAR)
Verb (an action)
Complement (words that will complete the idea of the verb/action)
In this post, the pronouns we are going to use are: He, she and It
He – masculine. John, Peter, Alex, Jack (In Singular)
She – feminine. Mary, Linda, Jessica. (In Singular)
It – neutral. Objects, animals (In Singular)
Now that you learned the pronouns we are going to use, let’s focus on affirmative sentences
IMPORTANT: For he, she and it, we need to change our verb. What is different? You need to add “s” to the verb. But ONLY in affirmative sentences. Let’s see some examples:
P = John – Loves = verb/action – Sports = complement
P = Mary Needs = verb/action – to study = complement
P = the cat – drinks = verb/action – milk = complement
P = my teacher – speaks = verb/action – languages = complement
But, wait a minute….. Teacher Prix, only “s”? Nothing else?
Nope! Sorry guys! 😛
Let’s take a look:
If any verb ENDS in the letters above, you need to ad ES. Now, let’s see some examples:
P = Alice – goes = verb/action – to school every day = complement
P = John – washES= verb/action – his car on Sundays = complement
P = She -teaches = verb/action – History in the morning = complement
Verbs that end in Y
In this chart, you see verbs that end in Y. But pay attention! You will only change it, IF, before the “y” there is a consonant. If the verb ends in y but before the “y” there is a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) then, you add only S. Check the examples below:
P = Alice – playS= verb/action – the violin every day = complement
The verb play ends in Y, but as there is a vowel next to it, you just add S.
P = John – studIES = verb/action – French = complement
The verb “study” ends in Y and before Y there is a consonant. Therefore, drop (remove) the “y” and add “ies”.
What if my verb is not in the cases above?
Very simple, just add S
Now we can move on to negative sentences.
Negative sentences with he, she and it are very simple. Take a look at the structure:
P n V C
Person Doesn’t verb complement
In negative phrases you always need doesn’t. where? After your pronoun. Take a look at the examples below:
P = John – N = doesn’t wash= verb/action – his car on Sundays = complement
P = Mary – N = doesn’t V = work (verb/action) C= downtown (complement)
IMPORTANT: In negative phrases with he, she and it, you DON’T NEED TO CHANGE THE VERB! Exactly, the verb is normal again. However, for he, she and it you need “doesn’t” ok? This shows the phrase is negative, in the simple present and for the pronouns he, she and it
Now that you know how make simple present phrases for he, she and it, how about doing some homework?
Homework – I want you to give me your examples! Write down 5 examples of affirmative sentences and 5 examples of negative sentences. Leave your answer in the comment section
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