Grammar is Easy – Simple Present – He – She – It

June 1, 2017 - Priscila Pereira

1 Comment

Hey guys, how are things?

In previous posts, I started teaching you Simple Present. It is important that you learn Simple Present because with this tense you will be able to make simple phrases in English and have short and simple conversations in English. With Simple present and verb to be, you can start doing that.

In this blog, you will find more stuff, ok? Don’t worry. But it is always important to share basic content before moving on to more advanced and cool things.

I showed you how to make affirmative phrases, negative phrases, and questions in the Simple Present. However, I only showed you one part. I did not write about how to make affirmative and negative phrases and questions with the following pronouns: he, she, it. You may be asking yourself: “why did teacher Prix do this?” The answer is simple: The post was too long! That’s why I decided to divide them into parts. If you read my previous posts you will see they are divided into affirmative and negative sentences and second post for questions. Now, to teach you simple present for “he, she and it” I will do the same! So here we go!

As I always say, many students have problems to make phrases in English. It is a little bit confusing depending on your language. The most common problem is to organize ideas.  To make phrases, we are basically going to need 3 elements:

Pronouns (person, object, animals, but in SINGULAR)

Verb (an action)

            Complement (words that will complete the idea of the verb/action)

In this post, the pronouns  we are going to use are: He, she and It    

He – masculine. John, Peter, Alex, Jack (In Singular)

She –  feminine. Mary, Linda, Jessica.  (In Singular)

It – neutral.  Objects, animals (In Singular)

 

Now that you learned the pronouns  we are going to use, let’s focus on affirmative sentences

AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES.

 

 

IMPORTANT: For he, she and it, we need to change our verb. What is different? You need to add “s” to the verb. But ONLY in affirmative sentences. Let’s see some examples:

  • John (he) loveS sports

P = John    – Loves = verb/action    – Sports = complement

  • Mary (she) needS to study

P = Mary    Needs = verb/action    – to study = complement

  • The (it) cat drinkS

P = the cat   – drinks = verb/action    – milk = complement

 

  • My teacher speaks 4 languages

P = my teacher   – speaks = verb/action    – languages = complement

 

But, wait a minute….. Teacher Prix, only “s”? Nothing else?

Nope! Sorry guys! 😛

Let’s take a look:

 

If any verb ENDS in the letters  above, you need to ad ES.  Now, let’s see some examples:

  • Alice (she) goES to school every day

P = Alice     – goes = verb/action    – to school every day = complement

  • John washes his car on Sundays

P = John    – washES= verb/action    – his car on Sundays = complement

  • She teachES History in the morning

P = She   -teaches = verb/action    – History in the morning = complement

 

Verbs that end in Y

In this chart, you see verbs that end in Y.  But pay attention! You will only change it, IF,  before the “y” there is a consonant.  If the verb ends in y but before the “y” there is a vowel (a, e, i, o, u)  then, you add only S.  Check the examples below:

  • Alice (she) playS the violin every day

P = Alice     – playS= verb/action    – the violin every day = complement

The verb play ends in Y, but as there is a vowel next to it, you just add S.

  • John studies French

P = John     – studIES = verb/action    – French = complement

The verb “study”  ends in Y  and before Y there is a consonant.  Therefore, drop (remove) the “y” and add  “ies”.

 

What if my verb is not in the cases above?

 

 Very simple, just add S

 

Now we can move on to negative sentences.

NEGATIVE SENTENCES

 

Negative sentences with he, she and it are very simple. Take a look at the structure:

P                   n                V                C

Person          Doesn’t         verb               complement

 

In negative phrases you always need doesn’t.  where? After your pronoun. Take a look at the examples below:

  • John DOESN’T wash his car on Sundays

P = John     –   N = doesn’t     wash= verb/action    – his car on Sundays = complement

  • Mary doesn’t work downtown

P = Mary     –   N = doesn’t     V = work (verb/action)    C= downtown  (complement)

IMPORTANT: In negative phrases with he, she and it, you DON’T NEED TO CHANGE THE VERB! Exactly, the verb is normal again. However, for he, she and it you need “doesn’t” ok? This shows the phrase is negative, in the simple present and for the pronouns he, she and it

Now that you know how make simple present phrases for he, she and it, how about doing some homework?

Homework – I want you to give me your examples! Write down 5 examples of affirmative sentences and 5 examples of negative sentences. Leave your answer in the comment section

What do you think of this post? Let me know and share it with your friends!

Teacher Prix

Priscila Pereira

Starbucks and TV Series lover: juggling with teaching, blogging, and a YouTube life! I’m teacher Prix and I want to help you talk to anyone, anywhere, anytime in English! This blog is for English speakers who are looking for an effective blog. Get inspired by hundreds of different posts for all English levels, so that you can finally learn English easily and effectively on the internet.

One thought on “Grammar is Easy – Simple Present – He – She – It

  • Hany

    September 29, 2017 at 06:48

    Firstly : affirmative sentence
    1/ he plays football every day .
    2/ she works an engineer .
    3/ it the dog drinks milk.
    4/ he studies hard.
    5/ she looks like that person.
    Secondly : negative sentence
    1/ She doesn’t want any drink.
    2/ He doesn’t play volleyball.
    3/ the t v it doesn’t work.
    4/ she doesn’t work downtown.
    5/he doesn’t visit me before

    Reply

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